Tomorrow, March 15, is the Ides of March.
(Above–The Death of Caesar. This work was painted in 1798 by Vincenzo Camuccini.)
Here are two accessible book to learn about the events surrounding the fall of the Roman Republic and the rise of Julius Caesar.
Rubicon–The Last Years of the Roman Republic by Tom Holland.
A quality biography is Caesar–Life Of A Colossus by Adam Goldsworthy.
Though these events took place a long time ago, the impact of the rise of Caesar and the history of Rome is still recalled today.